Amendments Study Guide
The ones with * will be on your test. The others are possible bonus. Your test will be Monday, May 8, 2017!
The first amendment details Freedom of Religion, the Freedom of the Press and Freedom of Expression in the Constitution.
The second amendment details the right to keep a weapon and use it to protect themselves.
The third amendment details relates to the early Quartering Act with a summary stating that soldiers cannot take, or live, in a person's house without permission of the owner.
The fourth amendment details that a person or their property cannot be searched unless there is "probable cause" that a crime has been committed.
The fifth amendment details the need for 'due process of the law' before punishing a person and the right to a trial by jury as detailed in the Constitution.
The sixth amendment details the right to a fair Trial and covering the subject of Witnesses.
The seventh amendment details trial by Jury in Civil Cases & the rights of those being sue.
The eighth amendment details limitations on imposing excessive bail, excessive fines, or any cruel and unusual punishment.
The ninth amendment states that the Constitutional Amendments does not include all of the rights of the people and the states.
The tenth amendment states that any powers that the Constitution does not give to the US government, belong to the individual states and the people
The 11th Amendment was made in 1795 during the presidency of George Washington stating that citizens cannot sue states in federal courts.
The 12th Amendment was made in 1804 that changed Presidential election rules in the Constitution.
The 13th Amendment was ratified in 1865 ending slavery in the United States.
The 14th Amendment was ratified in 1868 stating that every person born in the US is a citizen. States must follow due process of law before taking away any citizen's rights or property.
The 15th Amendment was ratified in 1870 stating that a citizen's right to vote cannot be taken away because of race, the color of their skin, or because they were previously slaves.
The sixteenth Amendment to the Constitution was ratified in 1913 authorizing Congress to collect income taxes.
The seventeenth Amendment was ratified in 1913 stating that people will elect Senators. Before this, Senators were elected by state legislatures.
The eighteenth Amendment was passed in 1919 banning the sale, production, importation, and transportation of alcohol across the nation. The Prohibition era lasted from 1920 - 1933.
The nineteenth Amendment was passed in 1920 which guaranteed women the right to vote.
The twentieth Amendment was ratified in 1933 that changed the days for meetings of Congress and for the start of the President's term of office.
The twenty-first Amendment to the Constitution repealed (overturned) Prohibition in 1933.
The twenty-second Amendment was made to in 1951 stating that a person may not be elected President more than twice.
The twenty-third Amendment was made in 1961 giving the people in the District of Columbia the right to vote for President.
The twenty-fourth Amendment was made in 1964 making it illegal to make anyone pay a tax to have the right to vote.
The twenty-fifth Amendment was made in 1964 changing what happens if a President or Vice President dies, resigns, or is not able to do the job.
The twenty-sixth Amendment to the Constitution was ratified in 1971 giving 18-year-olds the right to vote.
The twenty-seventh Amendment was made in 1992, limiting how Congress can increase how much its members are paid.