Unit 4 Lesson 6
THE JAZZ FOUNDATION
How Jazz Became America's First Original Art Form
I can analyze the impact that Jazz music had on American culture and society.
READ ABOUT IT!
Directions: The first thing you need to do is read about the development of Jazz music in the 1920s. Make sure that you are looking for the impacts of Jazz on American society and culture during the reading.
Jazz - America's Music
You know, jazz is the mother of all American music. R&B and pop and rap and everything are the branches on the main tree of the life of music, American music, which is jazz.
~ Eric Burdon ~
~ Eric Burdon ~
The collective improvisation of Dixieland jazz partly symbolized, African Americans' newfound freedom. Although they were hardly experiencing civil rights, African Americans were no longer slaves and celebrated their newfound freedom through jazz improvisation, playing whatever they wanted. They were not "restricted" to notes written on a page, but instead could play whatever they "heard" in their hearts and minds. The music was not read, it was played "by ear". Freedom was and continues to be an important issue regarding all styles of jazz.
At the turn of the century, riverboat cruises traveling up the Mississippi River and its tributaries began to become a popular thing to do. Riverboat companies started hiring jazz musicians to entertain passengers on these riverboats. Soon, jazz music began to spread to other major cities along the Mississippi and tributaries. Jazz made its way from New Orleans to Memphis, Saint Louis, Kansas City, Chicago, and New York; then to the rest of the country and eventually the world. Jazz was the music of city life during the Roaring Twenties and the early years of the Harlem Renaissance. As Jazz spread to other cities and those cultures began to impact Jazz, jazz evolved into many different types of music called genres. Rock and Roll, country, rap, R&B, and everything in between came out of Jazz. If Jazz had never spread and changed, we would not have the many music genres that we enjoy today.
Jazz in America Timeline
The Path of Jazz Migration Map
Directions: The second thing you need to do is show that you understand what you have just read. In your small groups, answer the questions below. We will discuss these as a whole group when you have completed these in your small groups.
- What major cultures of music combined to form jazz music?
- How did these cultures contribute to the development of jazz?
- How did the location of New Orleans play a part in the development of jazz?
- What was Dixieland Jazz?
- What did Dixieland Jazz symbolize for African Americans in the South? Why?
- How did Jazz first spread through the United States?
I will play the interactive map activity over the projector for the class. As the interactive plays, take notes on what you learn about how jazz spread all over the United States. When you are done, you will use your notes to create a summary. I have embedded the activity below so that you can play it on your home computer or on your mobile device.
You have accomplished your mission after you have done the following. If you are absent, you need to do the following to complete your missed work.
- Read the class reading.
- Create a portfolio entry.
- List the portfolio entry in your table of contents.
- Answer the discussion questions in your portfolio.
- Take the Lesson 7.3: The First American Art Form Quiz.
- Record the quiz questions and answers in your portfolio.
- Complete the lesson reflection in your portfolio.
- If you finish early, go ahead and start studying for the test by playing the Lesson 7.3. First American Art Form Arcade Games .
Click on any of the icons to play that game.